Ampere Altra Mt. Jade OpenBMC build guide on ARM64 platform

Ampere announce Altra CPU, it’s a 80 cores ARM64v8 CPU for cloud native workloads. Altra Max CPU is 128 cores. Follow the CPU, Ampere also has a CRB (customer reference board) named Mt. Jade, and Ampere also open source OpenBMC and EDKII source code for Mt. Jade platform.

This article is personal note, all information can be found from internet. And open source project keeps going, it might be some minor differences when you find this article.

Before Build Source Code

This procedure runs on ARM64 platform, it should be also run on x86 platform, but I have not try it.

Build environment : Ampere eMAG CPU (32 cores) with 256G DRAM and uses 64G/128G RAM to build code, sometime if it cannot finsih compile tasks, probably your DRAM is not sufficient to build the code, I tried 16G and it doesn;t work.

Because host is running Ubuntu 22.04, and OpenBMC and EDKII only can be built on Ubuntu 18.04, so, it needs to use either virtual machine or contianer technologies to have Ubuntu 18.04 environment.

This note uses qemu to prepare build environment, tried docker but it doesn’t work, probably I will re-try it someday.

If use NFS or qemu overlayers filesystem to bridge folders ourside into VM, it might cause build problem, so, please increase disk size for you virtual machine virtual disk size, use nfs or share folder for copy images or source code only.

If want to build a workable EDKII code and run it on Ampere Mt. Jade platform, it needs to have Ampere fimware ATF and SCP binary, it might register Ampere customer connect to download those image files, without it, it only can build OpenBMC binary.

Prepare Build Environment

Get the Ubuntu 18.04 cloud image

$ wget https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/releases/bionic/release/ubuntu-18.04-server-cloudimg-arm64.img
$ sudo apt install qemu-efi

Prepare hostname and userdata for VM

it needs to prepare two files, meta-file and user-data, following is example for meta-file

instance-id: Image-openbmc
local-hostname: openbmc

user-data file, this example username is ubuntu, password is ubuntu

#cloud-config
password: ubuntu
chpasswd: { expire: False }
ssh_pwauth: True
ssh_authorized_keys:
  - ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQC+Y/6m4XFeEGKqR2H7wbsUQUVWvB0gC/+CeJqfyvOX++SETKapFtI5CiidkyW/B1GQM4XUlmE9zPlCAcolPfMpXB0CNQQ5l0F5Z+FW6b4RVjFV/KEcQ7R3XkKRa0XhC6hKkNc5P95fNhXr8Do1bSEmd9mPIiOrFaUEZ9EReO+ZTsGsytFIuQV8rOZfQjClktXrqk3F6jJ+TV3THcVNpKvnLfps56Hc/j9jdiadLv91yuifz4lCMbv/D/0hMtf4KhN5tV//QRgUxEUeC7aPW6sKD2GMYMxc9UsSyRRQ9IFWjJMkgzKyuxgNKe7u4WjERFoxEUrmFK01UsrX+lRw9e9n user@hostname

Than, it can create a configure file for QEMU

$ cloud-localds -v cloudinit.img user-data meta-file

Increase Ubuntu cloud image disk size, bigger is better, suggest more than 200G, minimal should be around 100G.

$ qemu-img resize ubuntu-18.04-server-cloudimg-arm64.img +200G

Prepare UEFI BIOS and storage for booting

dd if=/dev/zero of=flash0.img bs=1M count=64
dd if=/usr/share/qemu-efi/QEMU_EFI.fd of=flash0.img conv=notrunc
dd if=/dev/zero of=flash1.img bs=1M count=64

Running the VM script, it will also create a QEMU virtfs for file sharing, but do not use that folder to build code.

IMAGE1=ubuntu-18.04-server-cloudimg-arm64.img
sudo qemu-system-aarch64 -name vm1 \
         -machine virt,gic_version=3,accel=kvm,usb=off \
         -cpu host -m 128G \
         -smp 32,sockets=1,cores=32,threads=1 \
         -nographic -nodefaults \
         -pflash flash0.img -pflash flash1.img \
         -drive file=$IMAGE1,if=none,id=disk1 \
         -device virtio-blk-device,drive=disk1 \
         -drive file=cloudinit.img,if=virtio,format=raw \
         -virtfs local,path=/nvme/obmc,mount_tag=host0,security_model=passthrough,id=host0 \
         -netdev tap,id=net0,ifname=tap0 \
         -device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0,mac=52:54:00:11:11:12 \
         -serial telnet::9001,server,nowait > guest_log-1.txt 2>> guest_log-1.txt

Build Mt. Jade EDKII

Prepare VM environment

After login into VM, it needs to install software to compile EDKII.
Command to install basic packages.

$ sudo apt update 
$ sudo apt install -y git vim tmux lftp net-tools ethtool bc
$ sudo apt install -y \
  build-essential uuid-dev acpica-tools nasm \
  python3.8 python3-distutils python3-pip \
  gawk
$ sudo apt install -y libssl-dev gnu-efi
$ sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python python /usr/bin/python3.8 1

Next step is follow this document to download Ampere EDKII source code and setup enviroment.
https://github.com/AmpereComputing/edk2.git

First, prepare build environment parameters, if VM reboot, it needs to re-run it.

export WORKSPACE=/nvme/tianocore
mkdir -p $WORKSPACE
cd $WORKSPACE
export PACKAGES_PATH=$PWD/edk2:$PWD/edk2-platforms

Chang into that folder, clone Ampere Computiner edk2 source code.

$ cd $WORKSPACE
$ git clone https://github.com/AmpereComputing/edk2.git
$ cd edk2
$ git submodule init && git submodule update
$ cd ..
$ git clone https://github.com/AmpereComputing/edk2-platforms.git

Get build environment

This step is to build the basic tools.

$ cd $WORKSPACE
$ . edk2/edksetup.sh

# Build BaseTool, only need to run once 

$ make -C edk2/BaseTools 

After compiled the EDK2 basic tool, next step is to prepare edk2-platforms and edk2-ampere-tools

edk2-ampere-tools has a very good build script,
it can help to build the EDK2 and also package ATF into together.
we will introduct it on following steps.

$ cd edk2-platforms
$ git checkout -b test remotes/origin/ampere
# make a link to library to fix some problem
$ ln -sf /nvme/tianocore/edk2-platforms/Features/Intel/OutOfBandManagement .
$ cd ..
$ git clone https://github.com/AmpereComputing/edk2-ampere-tools

Build and Sign the image

Because current tree Atftool migrate to OpenSSL 3.0, and Ubuntu 18.04 still use OpenSSL 1.0x,
I choice to roll back to old version to support OpenSSL 1.0x, support it can build Atftool on Ubuntu 22.04 or compile OpenSSL 3.0 manually, I might try it later.

$ cd /nvme/tianocore 
$ mkdir -p AtfTools
$ cd AtfTools
$ git init
$ git remote add origin -f https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware.git
$ git config core.sparseCheckout true
$ echo -ne "include/tools_share\nmake_helpers\ntools/cert_create\ntools/fiptool" > .git/info/sparse-checkout
$ git -C . checkout --track origin/master
# Due to current AtfTool only support OpenSSL 3.0 , switch to previous version 
$ git checkout -b test b94bf967e62b23a376a5026de69d06a0e8d6bf78
$ make -C tools/cert_create CRTTOOL=cert_create
$ make -C tools/fiptool FIPTOOL=fiptool

configure PATH to fiptool and cert_create

$ cd /nvme/tianocore
$ export PATH=$PATH:$PWD/AtfTools/tools/cert_create:$PWD/AtfTools/tools/fiptool

This step is parepare Mt. Jade ATF and SCP binary for compile, it needs to get both binary file from Ampere customer connect. and also suggest to use the same version as OpenBMC/EDKII

$ cd $WORKSPACE
$ mv <path to>/altra_atf_signed_2.06.20220426.slim .
$ mv <path to>/altra_scp_signed_2.06.20220426.slim .
$ cd edk2-ampere-tools
$ ./edk2-build.sh -b RELEASE Jade --atf-image $WORKSPACE/altra_atf_signed_2.06.20220426.slim --scp-image $WORKSPACE/altra_scp_signed_2.06.20220426.slim

If everything is perfect, the binary code would be looks like below.

Results: /nvme/tianocore/edk2-ampere-tools/BUILDS/jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100
total 45888
-rw------- 1 root   root       3343 Jun 15 12:40 dbukey.auth
-rw------- 1 root   root       2002 Jun 15 12:40 del_dbukey.auth
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root       2008 Jun 15 12:38 jade_board_setting.bin
-rw-rw-r-- 1 ubuntu ubuntu    14532 Jun 15 04:08 jade_board_setting.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root     670845 Jun 15 12:40 jade_scp_2.06.100.cap
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root     262144 Jun 15 12:40 jade_scp_2.06.100.dbu.sig.img
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root    8126464 Jun 15 12:38 jade_tianocore_2.06.100.fd
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   14040229 Jun 15 12:40 jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.cap
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   13631488 Jun 15 12:40 jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.dbu.sig.img
-rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   10225352 Jun 15 12:38 jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.img
------------------------------------------------------------
                          Ampere Jade (AARCH64) RELEASE pass
------------------------------------------------------------
pass    1
fail    0

It can use the jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.img for firmware update.

Manual Build EDKII

If still want to build EDKII manually, here is some command can help you.

$ cd edk2-platform
$ build -a AARCH64 -t GCC5 -b RELEASE -D SECURE_BOOT_ENABLE -p Platform/Ampere/JadePkg/Jade.dsc
or to use all CPU to compile the EDKII.
$ build -n `nproc` -a AARCH64 -t GCC5 -b RELEASE -D SECURE_BOOT_ENABLE -p Platform/Ampere/JadePkg/Jade.dsc

the generated image on $WORKSPACE/Build/Jade/RELEASE_GCC5/FV/BL33_JADE_UEFI.fd,
for this case, on the /nvme/tianocore/Build/Jade/RELEASE_GCC5/FV/BL33_JADE_UEFI.fd

then, it needs to use ampere special tool to generate EDKII image with Ampere ATF image.

Build Mt. Jade OpenBMC

Prepare build environment

Before build OpenBMC, it needs to install necessary packages,
it can build both OpenBMC and EDKII on the same VM, or it can build it on different VM.

Following is necessary packages for OpenBMC.

$ sudo apt-get install -yy \
     build-essential \
     chrpath \
     cpio \
     debianutils \
     diffstat \
     gawk \
     git \
     iputils-ping \
     libdata-dumper-simple-perl \
     liblz4-tool \
     libsdl1.2-dev \
     libthread-queue-any-perl \
     locales \
     python \
     python3 \
     socat \
     subversion \
     texinfo \
     wget \
     zstd

Download Open BMC source code and OpenBMC build script.

$ cd /nvme
$ git clone https://github.com/ampere-openbmc/openbmc.git
$ git clone https://github.com/openbmc/openbmc-build-scripts.git

modify openbmc-build-scripts/build-setup.sh around line #140,
replace “Clone in openbmc master to ${obmc_dir}” to https://github.com/ampere-openbmc/openbmc.git

it can download right source code.

git clone ${branch} https://github.com/ampere-openbmc/openbmc.git

Build OpenBMC

This step is to prepare test build environment

$ cd /nvme
$ target=mtjade WORKSPACE=/nvme/openbmc branch="--branch ampere --single-branch" ./openbmc-build-scripts/build-setup.sh

Setup openbmc machine type to mt. Jade and compile OpenBMC.

$ export TEMPLATECONF=meta-ampere/meta-jade
$ export TMPDIR=/nvme/temp
$ export LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8

$ cd /nvme/openbmc
$ . openbmc-env
$ cd ..
$ source ./setup mtjade
$ bitbake obmc-phosphor-image

When compile, there is an openocd compile error, it cannot access to original website probably caused by the website was down. Temperory solutoin is to remove the package.
modify file meta-ampere/meta-common/recipes-ac01/packagegroups/packagegroup-ampere-apps.bb, find openocd and delete it, down.

When finish compile, the binary will locate on tmp/deploy/images/mtjade/, absoult path is /nvme/openbmc/build/mtjade/tmp/deploy/images/mtjade/

ex: (only list partical files)

obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.rootfs.manifest
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.rootfs.squashfs-xz
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd.all.tar
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd.tar
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.testdata.json
obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade.jffs2
obmc-phosphor-initramfs-mtjade-20220616004506.rootfs.cpio.xz
obmc-phosphor-initramfs-mtjade-20220616004506.rootfs.manifest
obmc-phosphor-initramfs-mtjade-20220616004506.testdata.json

obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd.tar is firmware file, it contain both obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd and obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.rootfs.manifest files, and can be used for next step : firmware update.

Upgrade Firmware

*Notice: Update flash will take your own risk, especially physical damage your hardware..

If Mt. Jade is using AMI bios, suggest to use flash burner to update the OpenBMC firmware.
What I am using is GZU EZP XPro , it’s very cheap, only needs around US$30.- (please also purchase the SPI flash socket).

This step need to un-plug BMC flash from Mt. Jade motherboard, please remeber the flash pin 1 location, it needs to follow the original position and put it back to socket. If you miss you will broken it.

Update OpenBMC firmware

Suppose that it already has OpenBMC firmware, it can use software to upgrade firmware ,
first step is to get web token, then use this token on next step to upgrade firmware.

Following is a simple script to upgrade flash, it can be integrated into your script.

export BMC_IP=192.168.1.190
export FWFILE=obmc-phosphor-image-mtjade-20220616040212.static.mtd.tar

export token=`curl -k -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST https://${BMC_IP}/login -d '{"username" :  "root", "password" :  "0penBmc"}' | grep token | awk '{print $2;}' | tr -d '"'`

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100    84  100    37  100    47    116    147 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--   264


curl -k -H "X-Auth-Token: $token" \
       -H "Content-Type: application/octet-stream" \
       -X POST -T ${FWFILE} \
        https://${BMC_IP}/redfish/v1/UpdateService

{
  "@odata.id": "/redfish/v1/TaskService/Tasks/1",
  "@odata.type": "#Task.v1_4_3.Task",
  "Id": "1",
  "TaskState": "Running",
  "TaskStatus": "OK"
}

If conosle doesn’t not update and reboot, please use console login the OpenBMC and run “reboot” manually.
It will show message like below on OpenBMC console.

Updating kernel...
Erasing block: 69/69 (100%)
Writing kb: 4397/4397 (100%)
Verifying kb: 4397/4397 (100%)
Updating rofs...
Erasing block: 366/366 (100%)
Writing kb: 11580/23376 (49%)

Update UEFI firmware

Upgrade UEFI firmware
it needs to pack the UEFI image first , and it need to create MANIFEST file, looks like this

VER_purpose=xyz.openbmc_project.Software.Version.VersionPurpose.Host
version=jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100
KeyType=OpenBMC
HashType=RSA-SHA256
MachineName=mtjade

make image file and MINIFEST file into the same file

$ tar -cvf jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.tar jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.img MANIFEST 

Run command below to upgrade UEFI firmware

export BMC_IP=192.168.1.190

export FWFILE=jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.tar

export token=`curl -k -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST https://${BMC_IP}/login -d '{"username" :  "root", "password" :  "0penBmc"}' | grep token | awk '{print $2;}' | tr -d '"'`

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100    84  100    37  100    47    116    147 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--   264


curl -k -H "X-Auth-Token: $token" \
       -H "Content-Type: application/octet-stream" \
       -X POST -T ${FWFILE} \
        https://${BMC_IP}/redfish/v1/UpdateService

Like OpenBMC, if it doesn’t update, just reboot to update it.
if stiall not work, try to upgrade it manually, yes, when I wrote this article, update via redfish doesn’t work, so, just copy it from github.

# on HOST
$ scp jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.tar root@192.168.1.190:/tmp

# on Target 
$ cd /tmp/images
$ mkdir fw
$ cd fw
$ tar xvf /tmp/jade_tianocore_atf_2.06.100.tar
$ firmware_update.sh /tmp/images/fw
--- Current Chassis State: On
--- Turning the Chassis off
--- Switch the host SPI bus to BMC.
Run update Primary Host SPI-NOR
--- Bind the ASpeed SMC driver
--- Locking power control
--- Flashing firmware to @/dev/mtd13
Erasing block: 157/157 (100%)
Writing kb: 9985/9985 (100%)
Verifying kb: 9985/9985 (100%)
--- Unlocking power control
--- Switch back to the primary Host SPI-NOR.
Turn on the Host

Update SCP firmware

It needs to use sftp to transfer SCP firmware to target.
Following is example to upgrade SCP firmware.

On host
$ scp altra_scp_signed_2.06.20220426.slim root@192.168.1.190:/tmp

On OpenBMC side
$ ampere_firmware_upgrade.sh smpmpro /tmp/altra_scp_signed_2.06.20220426.slim

After upgrade BIOS and SCP, if got any problem, suggest to reset bmc

$ ipmitool -U root -P 0penBmc -I lanplus -C 17 -H 192.168.2.18 mc reset cold

Serial Console

it can use command to get system CPU console.

# CPU console 
$ ssh root@192.168.190 -p 2200 

Reference

Ampere OpenBMC github
EDK2 Ampere Tool
Ampere EDK2
Ampere Computing Github

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